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Cadet SOP & Handbook

(January 2010 Revision)






Fountain Fort Carson High School

900 Jimmy Camp Road

Fountain, Colorado 80817





Welcome to the Fountain Fort Carson High School Junior Reserve Officers’ Training Corps (JROTC). The JROTC program offers you an opportunity to improve yourself and provide you with training for a wide variety of career paths.

Your enrollment in JROTC is voluntary. That means that you have accepted the program, its conditions and obligations.  Our objective is to motivate young people to become citizens. You are in no way obligated toward the military or any other career. We are committed to enhancing your high school educational experience by giving you instruction in a wide variety of subjects: leadership, decision making, communications, first aid, map reading, financial planning and college preparation. Learning these “life skills” as a young adult will undoubtedly make you more competitive as you pursue higher education or employment in the work force.

The JROTC program, like academic courses in English, History, and Mathematics offers students credit toward a high school diploma. JROTC cadets receive instruction in a variety of worthwhile subjects not available in other aspects of the standard high school curriculum. Cadets have the challenge and accompanying satisfaction of assuming responsibility early during their formative high school years.

We are unbending in our commitment to citizenship, scholarship and leadership. We congratulate you on your decision to become a JROTC cadet! We wish you a highly successful school year!









Herbert Maison                                                                                   Thomas Oetjen

SGM, USA (RET)                                                                              LTC, USA (RET)

Army Instructor                                                                                  Senior Army Instructor




The purpose of the JROTC Cadet Standing Operating Procedures (SOP) is to provide the information and guidance to JROTC cadets and all persons associated with Army JROTC at Fountain Fort Carson High School.

The SOP includes general information concerning the organization and objectives of JROTC and specific administrative personnel matters governing the Corps of Cadets.

Some of the military term herein may not be clear to the cadets entering JROTC of the first year. These terms will be clarified during classroom or drill instruction. Cadets should make sure they have good understanding of the terms and conditions in this document since they will be held accountable for knowing this material as a member of the Corps of Cadets.


JROTC History

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To Motivate Young People to Become Better Citizens


Army JROTC Cadet Creed


I am an Army Junior ROTC Cadet, I will always conduct myself to bring credit to my Family, Country, School and the Corps of Cadets.


I am Loyal and patriotic. I am the Future of the United States of America.


I do not lie, cheat or steal and will always be accountable for my actions and deeds.


I will always practice good citizenship and patriotism.


I will work hard to improve my mind and strengthen my body.


I will seek the mantle of leadership and stand prepared to uphold the Constitution and the American way of life.


May God Grant me the strength to always live by this creed.


Desired Learning Outcomes

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How JROTC Benefits Cadets

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Instructor Staff


Experienced Army officers and noncommissioned officers (NCO’s) are the primary JROTC instructors. JROTC instructors are retired Army officers and NCO’s. They must pass a rigorous screening process before being certified as JROTC Instructors by the U.S. Army Cadet Command. These instructors possess outstanding records of achievement and have a genuine desire to aid in the development of young Americans. The titles of the instructors cadets will interface with are as follows:


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Grading Policy

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  • §  Course Grade Allocation (by category): 
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100-90             A         OUTSTANDING

89-80              B         ABOVE AVERAGE

79-70               C         AVERAGE

69-60               D         BELOW AVERAGE

59-0                 F          FAILURE


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Organization and Curriculum Description

JROTC is a progressive program beginning with familiarization subjects during the first year, leading to more intricate military science studies and practical applications in the following years. To gain maximum benefit, cadets are encouraged to enroll in JROTS their freshman year and to remain in the program throughout their senior year.


JROTC is offered as an elective at Fountain Fort Carson High School during each of the four academic years. The program of instructions consists of approximately 180 hours of each semester (Note: a cadet will complete a year of JROTC in one semester) and is developed around the following broad class headings:

            -First year        Introduction to leadership Education and Training (LET 1)

            -Second year   Intermediate Leadership Education and Training (LET 2)

            -Third year      Applied Leadership Education and Training (LET 3)

            -Fourth year    Advanced Leadership Education and Training (LET 4)

The JROTC course of study is part of the school’s overall curriculum. Its flexibility permits it to be adapted to the needs of both the students and the school; the courses presented in each of the four years are as follows.

First year: Introduction to leadership Education and Training

The Spirit of American Citizenship and Army JROTC. This course provides an appreciation of our American heritage and JROTC.

Leadership. Cadets learn what it takes to be a good follower.

Leadership Lab. Cadets apply management and leadership skills learned in the classroom during practical drill sessions.

First Aid. Provides training for handling common medical emergencies.

Cadet Challenge. This unit tests a cadet’s physical fitness.

Map Reading. Teaches cadets how to read maps and legends.

Techniques of Communication. Essential techniques of effective speaking, reading, writing, listening, study methods and test-taking.

Overview of Citizenship through American History. Highlights significant people, places and events that have shaped the basic ideas and philosophy of our constitutional democracy.

Your American Citizenship. This unit reviews the rights, responsibilities, and privileges of an American citizen.

Marksmanship and Firearm Safety. This unit with emphasizes the safe use of firearms in a supervised setting.

How to Study. Cadets will become familiar with how to form good study skills.

Career Awareness. This unit introduces the cadet to multiple career options and the importance of early planning and preparation for attaining career objectives.

Drug Awareness. The cadet will be taught the adverse effects of drugs on individuals and society.

Unlocking Your Potential. And introduction to self-motivation designed to assist cadets to work at their full potential.

Winning Colors. Cadets participate in personality assessment exercises to learn more about themselves and the value of teamwork.

Second Year: Intermediate Leadership Education and Training

During the second year of JROTC, build upon the foundation they established during their first year of training.

Techniques of Communication. This unit teaches how to convey a message to others through writing and individual instruction.

Leadership. This unit concentrates on leadership, good judgment, and basic management skills.

Cadet Challenge. This unit stresses physical exercise and conditioning.

Leadership Lab. Cadets demonstrate their knowledge of drill and ceremony at the squad and platoon levels.

Map Reading. Instruction and practical exercises which assist in determining direction, location, and distance on a map.

Military History. This unite concentrates on U.S. military strategies since WWII.

Your American Citizenship. A comparative study of basic American rights vs. the rights of personnel serving in the U.S. military.

Career Opportunities. This unit explores both civilian and military career opportunities.

Role of the U.S. Army. This unit emphasizes the role and accomplishments of the U.S. Army and its components.

Technology Awareness. An introduction to how technology is changing our lives on a daily basis.

Marksmanship and Firearm Safety. This unit expands on basic marksmanship and firearm safety. 

Winning Colors. A practical application of how individual strengths can be used to build effective teams.

Third Year: Applied Leadership Education and Training

During the third year of JROTC, cadets take on leadership roles with greater responsibility and serve as assistant instructors during classroom presentations.

Leadership. This unit teaches problem solving and how to be a cadet supervisor in various situations.

Drug Awareness. This unit is a continuation of the first year instruction addressing types of drugs and their effects.

Unlocking Your Potential. This course is designed to motivate cadets to recognize their potential and expand their efforts to achieve higher goals.

Teen Pregnancy. This instruction introduces cadets to physical, emotional, financial, and social impact of teen pregnancy.

Techniques of Communication. This unit teaches a cadet to communicate as a leader and a counselor.

Cadet Challenge. The importance of physical fitness continues to be emphasized by teaching cadets the components of an effective individual exercise program.

Leadership Lab. Third Year cadets perform the duties of the company and battalion leaders are during battalion drill sessions.


Fourth year: Advanced Leadership Education and Training

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Leadership Education Aptitude Drills- A Curriculum Enhancement

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JROTC Cadet Leadership Challenge (JCLC): A Unique Experience Your Can’t Afford to Miss

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Uniform Guidelines


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Accountability for Uniform Items

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  • ·         Uniforms will be returned to the JROTC Department:
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Uniform Wear Policy 

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Uniform Completeness

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Personal Appearance Standards (Amplification)

The JROTC Program is a uniformed program where discipline is judged, in part, by the manner in which a cadet wears a prescribed uniform, as well as by the individual’s personal appearance. Therefore, a neat and well-groomed appearance by all cadets is fundamental to the JROTC Program and contributes to building the pride and esprit essential to an effective Corps of Cadets.

  1. Hair Styles:
    1. Males-
    2. Females-





Key Words


Battle dress uniforms




Class A and B uniforms




Formal inspection

Garrison cap

Gig line



Neck tab


Shoulder marks




         As a JROTC cadet, other people will often indentify and judge you on your personal appearance. This lesson introduces the three categories of Army JROTC uniforms, how to properly wear and maintain them, and how to prepare for a uniform inspection. To assist you in this effort, the text graphically portrays the proper placement for the awards, decorations, and insignia that you will be required to wear on your uniform. Plus, this lesson presents four factors that you can use to assess your personal appearance, reinforce the importance of a neat and clean appearance, and explains how those factors relate to your appearance in uniform.













    We often form opinions of others based on their personal appearances. A good personal appearance compliments the wearing of your uniform. A neatly pressed and clean uniform, with properly placed ribbons, awards, and insignia, shows that JROTC cadets have pride in themselves as well as in their unit and they use self-discipline to get things done.


        The word uniform comes from the two Latin words, unus and forma, which means, “one form.” Your JROTC uniform sets you apart from others. It tells others who and what you are. Uniforms date back to ancient times such as when the Romans wore togas. Today society has uniforms to identify jobs and groups. Policemen, firefighters, athletic teams, and school bands all have uniforms.


















These illustrations of the Class B uniforms for men and women.  These uniforms are worn during all occasions except field training and formal social occasions. The Class B uniforms are also worn at other times as required by your instructors.








  These are illustrations of the Army Combat Uniforms (ACU’s) for men and women. They are worn at summer camp and for participation on special teams.







              Before positioning the appropriate                                                                                       cadet officer or cadet enlisted insignia on the garrison cap, you should first know how to wear it. Place it on top of your head with the front vertical crease of  the cap centered on your forehead in a straight line with your nose. Tilt the cap slightly to your right, but do not let it touch or rest on the top of your ear. Do not crush or shape the garrison cap to form peaks at the top or top rear of it.






As shown above, cadet officers wear grade insignia on the garrison cap while enlisted cadets wear the ROTC insignia. Position either insignia on the left side of the cap one inch from the crease and centered vertically between the top braid and the bottom of the cap.


Insignia of Grade

     To wear the grade insignia on long or short sleeve JROTC shirts, you normally wear shoulder marks. For cadet officers, place the narrow, pointed end toward the collar and the flat end  toward the edge of the shoulder; for enlisted cadets, place the side with the pointed chevron toward the collar.

            The area of both shirt pockets is where you place your nameplate, honor unit insignia, and personal awards. For female cadets, the pocket area (since those shirts do not have pockets) is where you also position these items. First, imagine a horizontal line even with the second button on your shirt. This imaginary line allows you to properly align your awards, insignia, and nameplate in the same manner as male cadets do.


            Center the nameplate on the righ pocket between the top pocket seam and the top of the pocket buttonhole.



Honor Unit Insignia

            Center the Honor Unit Star one-fourth of an inch (1/4”) above the top seam of right pocket. You can wear the Honor Unit Star either by itself or joined with the Academic Achievement Wreath. In either case, you center them as described. The distinctive unit insignia (DUI or Trojan Head) will be worn 1/8” above the star.

Awards and Decorations

            Position individual awards for academic, athletic, and military excellence on the left pocket (or left pocket area). However, you cannot wear both the ribbon and the medal for the same award at the same time.

            Center your ribbons on the pocket button one-eighth of an inch (1/8”) above the top seam of the left pocket (centered above the horizontal line for female cadets). Place awards of this type no more than three across. Do not start a second row until you have three  ribbons. Plus, the first and second rows must have the same number before you can start a third row. Center the top row on the row beneath it. Wear your ribbons in order of precedence from top to bottom and from your (or wearer’s) right to left in one or more rows. Rows of ribbons should be flush with each other or they may be spaced 1/8” apart.

            Wear medals and/or place badges for excellence in marksmanship one-eighth of an inch (1/8”) below the top seam on the left pocket flap (or in similar position for female uniforms), again in the order of precedence from your right to left.

            When not wearing medals, center your badge or badges, or space them equally from left to right on your pocket flap. The upper portion of the badge or badges should be one-eighth of an inch (1/8”) below the top seam of the left pocket. If you only have one medal or badge, center it from left to right on your left pocket flap. Place the top of it one-eighth of an inch (1/8”) below the top seam of the pocket.

            Wear two medals or badges equally spaced from left to right on the left pocket flap. Keep the top portion of them one-eighth of an inch (1/8”) below the seam, at least one inch between them, and special skill badges to the right.

            If you are wearing a special medal with one or more marksmanship badges, equally space all awards (but not more than three) from left to the right on the left pocket flap. Place the upper portion of the medals one-eighth of an inch (1/8”) below the top pocket seam. Wear the special medal to your right of any marksmanship badges.

Miscellaneous Uniform Accessories

Certain units may authorize the wearing of approved unit crests. At the discretion of the Senior Army Instructor, you may wear scholar or service program insignia, such as national or local military honor socities, centered on the left pocket between the bottom of the pocket flap and the bottom pocket seam. The instructor staff may authorize you to wear shoulder cords for participation in certain JROTC activities, including the Raider Team, color guard, honor guard, drill team, and rifle team. Wear one cord by itself on the left shoulder, and any other cord on the right shoulder. When wearing cords with a ferrule, keep the ferrule to the front. Otherwise, wear these cords based on the procedures of your local unit. Special JROTC team arcs are approved for wear on the right chest pocket. Team arcs approved for wear are color guard, flag detail, drill team, JROTC bands, drum and bugle, academic, rifle team, honor guard, cadet challenge, raider team, JCLC, orienteering, and physical training excellence. Arcs will be centered on the pocket and 1/8” apart. The Unit Crest or Distinctive Unit Insignia (DUI) will be worn ¼” above the right chest pocket or 1/8” above the unit rating insignia or academic wreath above the right chest pocket.

Guidelines for Wearing Your JROTC Uniform

Wear a clean and neatly pressed uniform. Tuck shirt into trousers; keep its seam aligned with the seam of the zipper flap of the trousers and the edge of the belt buckle (gig-line).

Male cadets wear a T-shirt under the Class A and B uniforms. Male and female cadets wear a T-shirt under ACU’s and as a physical training uniform. Wearing T-shirts prevents underarm precipitation from affecting your uniform.

Button all buttons, with the exception of the top collar button of the shirt or blouse.

Clean, polish, and properly display all brass on the uniform.

Push the belt through the left front loop of the trousers first and adjust to allow only the tip of the belt to protrude from the buckle.

Wear only issued socks and shoes with the uniform. The wearing of a wrist watch, a wrist identification bracelet, and not more than two rings is authorized with Army uniforms (unless prohibited for safety or health reasons) as long as the style is conservative and in good taste.

Female cadets may also wear small circular earrings (not to exceed ¼ inch in diameter).

Do not carry bulky objects in any pocket of the uniform.


Wear the hat at all times when out of doors.

Guidelines for personal appearance in the JROTC Uniform

Male Cadets: Keep your hair neatly trimmed with sideburns no lower than the bottom of the ear opening and be clean shaven.

Female Cadets: Keep your hair styled so that it does not touch the top of the collar and the cap can be worn easily.

Keep fingernails short and clean.

A good personal appearance includes good grooming, which you can only achieve by cleaning your hair, teeth, and the rest of your clothing-making sure that it is cleaned and pressed. In JROTC, you must maintain your uniform.











Guidelines for Care and Cleaning of Your JROTC Uniform

Place coats on hangers wide enough to keep the shoulders of the coat in shape. Do not use wire hangers.

Keep shirts on hangers to prevent creasing.

Clean and shine shoes and boots.

Keep trousers and slacks on hangers that allow them to hang at full length. Use clothes brush with stiff bristles to loosen dust and dirt. This also helps freshen the nap and should be done each time the uniform is worn. Dry clean wool uniforms at a competent cleaner to take out stains or spots.





__Garrison Cap                               __ Placement

__Coat                                              __ Belt

__Shirt                                              __ Shoes

__Neck Tab/Tie                               __ Socks


Guidelines for Taking Care of Brass Articles

Brightly polish the lapel insignia. The brass buttons are an exception. Do not use polish on the brass buttons; instead scrub them with ammonia and water.

Perspiration tarnishes brass on contact, so be careful when putting the insignia back on the uniform and when handling the belt buckle. One helpful hint is to wipe any brass with cleaning fluid to remove the extra polish. This avoids dulling the shine that you worked hard to get and slows down any corrosion.


















            The uniform inspection is an important part of JROTC. As a cadet, you should know how to care for your uniform and how to present yourself for inspection. Doing well on the inspection increases pride in yourself and in your accomplishments. Learning how to care for and maintain the JROTC uniform can also improve your self-discipline. When every cadet does well on the uniform inspection, it makes the unit look good and increases unit pride.

            The pre-inspection is your chance to make sure that everything is in its proper place on your uniform and looks sharp. After learning how to wear your uniform and the placement of awards, it is now a matter of carefully checking your appearance. If your pre-inspection is done properly, there should be no surprises during the actual inspection. Pre-inspections are conducted in the classroom just prior to the inspections.


            Inspect your uniform before you ask someone else to check it. First, ensure that you have all the basics. Following is a list of the major areas of concern for your uniform.


            Follow the previous instructions for the specific locations and proper placement of awards, insignia, and other uniform accessories.


            For all cadets, the black belt with brass buckles is an important item. Line the tip of the belt with the end of the brass buckle so that none of the belt shows. This makes the belt buckle appear as one solid unit. The female belt tip pints to the right. The male belt tip points to the left.



The most obvious sign of a correctly worn uniform is the formation of the gigline. Properly done, the edge of the shirt, belt buckle, and zipper flap should form an unbroken vertical line.

            The following sample form shows you some items that the cadet staff and the instructors will look for during an inspection. You should use it only as a guide because your unit may have a different inspection form.




Headgear: Clean? Brass shined? Brass properly placed?

Hair: Properly styled/groomed? Off the ears/collar?

Shirt/Coat: Properly sized? Clean and pressed? Grade insignia placement? Nameplate placement? Honor Star placement? Ribbons/badges placement? DUI placement? Shoulder cord(s) placement? Pockets buttoned? Strings?

Trousers: Properly sized? Clean and pressed? Belt Buckle shined? Gigline straight?

Shoes: Shined/dusted? Black socks?














            Prior to the actual graded inspection, it is a good idea to ask a fellow cadet to look at your uniform and check it for anything that does not meet regulations. Make a final check of yourself, and then proudly present yourself for inspection. Always strive to be the cadet who scores the most points during each uniform inspection. All leaders will personally check their immediate subordinates.




            You may wear the prescribed issued uniform in the United States and its possessions:

-          During Military ceremonies—this shows that you are a proud part of the Army JROTC Program.

-          When attending or participating in JROTC activities (such as on the prescribed uniform day at school, during formal inspections, while instruction cadets in JROTC courses, etc.)

-          When traveling to and from school where you attend JROTC.

-          When visiting a military installation if you are taking part in drills, exercises, and/or summer camp.

-          When required by your instructors.


Precedence and wearing of ribbons and medals

            If a Ribbon and Medal are issued, only the ribbon or medal may be worn at any given time on the cadet’s uniform.

            Precedence. Ribbons will be worn in order of precedence from the wearer’s right to left in one or more rows either with no space between the rows, or 1/8 in. spaces between rows. Order of precedence 1. DA awards 2. Academic Awards 3. Military awards 4. Athletic awards 5. DAI/SAI awards 6. Association awards …… Wear precedence will be listed elsewhere in this SOP.

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Shoulder Cords

  • ·         Distinctive shoulder cords loop insignia’s will be issued as appropriate and worn as follows:
  • ·         Shoulder cords are authorized to be worn on all uniforms but the Army Combat Uniform (ACU).
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Shoulder Cord colors represent the following in order of precedence from highest to lowest:

  • ·         Battalion Leaders/Staff – Red, White, & Blue
  • ·         Color Guard – White
  • ·         Drill Team – Red
  • ·         Rifle Team – Tan
  • ·         Honor Company/NHS – Gold
  • ·         Raider Team – Black
  • ·         Honor Guard – Orange
  • ·         Saber Team – Maroon
  • ·         Cadet of the Year - Green



Special Team pins (Arcs)-Special team pins (arcs) designate various JROTC teams and activities. These arcs may be worn on the right chest pocket with SAI approval. These arcs are worn centered on the right pocket of the Class A jacket or AG-415 shirt for males with 1/8” separation between multiple arcs. On the female uniform, these arcs are worn between the first and second buttons on the Class A jacket or AG-415 shirt with 1/8” separation between multiple arcs. Team arcs approved for wear are listed below: 

  • ·         Academics
  • ·         Color Guard
  • ·         Drill Team
  • ·         Rifle Team
  • ·         Raider
  • ·         Honor Guard
  • ·         Saber Team
  • ·         JCLC
  • ·         Orienteering
  • ·         Rappelling




Special Team and Award Standardization

The following criteria apply to the Command, Staff, and Special Teams at FFCHS for the JROTC Program.

Special Team Beret Wear.  All team members will wear the white beret. Wearing of the beret is currently optional. Cadets will purchase their own berets if they desire to wear one. The cost of the beret is $17.00.

Special Team Items.

Speical Team Pins (Arcs). The special team arcs are awarded to team members when they meet the shoulder cord requirements for their respective team. These items are presented at the same time by the senior army instructor.

Arcs will be returned to supply along with shoulder cords when no longer authorized for wear. Arcs will be worn in the correct order of precedence:

1. Academic

2. Color Guard

3. Drill Team

4. Rifle Team

5. Raider Team

6. Honor Guard

7. Saber Team Team


9. Orienteering

10. Rappelling

Shoulder Cords will be awarded after the completion of the first performance or competition.

Varsity Letter will be awarded according to the following criteria:

            Drill Team – 3 competitions or 2 years on the team

            Color Guard, Saber Team, Honor Guard – 20 performances

            Rifle Team – 13 firing matches and qualify

            Raider Team – 3 competitions with 90% total team average of points

Cadets who are currently wearing a shoulder cord, beret, or arc and are not currently an active member of the team in the current year are not authorized to wear the items. A cadet may only wear the Cord, Beret, and Arc if they are an active part of the team and are in good standing. Arcs and shoulder cords will be returned to supply if not authorized for wear.

Introduction to Awards

            The awards program is for any JROTC cadet who excels. It recognizes high levels of performance, excellence, and achievement. Since the JROTC program recognizes that not all cadets have the same abilities and skills, the Army designed its awards program to recognize as many personal traits as possible in cadets. There are two kinds of awards, Unit awards, which recognize excellence, and Individual awards, which recognize personal achievement.

            The army rewards cadets for extracurricular activities, excellence in competition, contributions to unit goals, and outstanding service. Also, you may receive national recognition from patriotic or civic organizations for outstanding academic and military achievements.

Unit Awards

                When you are in JROTC, you are part of a team.   Team efforts can lead to unit awards. The JROTC Awards Program offers three types of unit decorations: Honor Unit and Honor Unit with Distinction and Merit Unit. These awards are chosen based on results of a formal inspection and on exceptionally high standards of training and discipline throughout the school year. All service academies reserve twenty appointments for honor graduates of schools that have been designated Honor Unit with Distinction. These cadets may apply for appointment to one of these service academies.

   Department of the Army adopted the Honor Unit insignia for Army JROTC cadets of units designated as Honor Units. It is a small blue enamel five-pointed star. You wear this insignia above the right pocket of the Class A or B uniforms.



                White                                Blue                                                   Gold

Honor Unit Insignia

            The Honor Unit with Distinction Insignia is similar to the Honor Unit insignia.         While the Honor Unit is blue, The Honor Unit with Distinction is yellow.   Department of the Army also adopted this device for all Army JROTC cadets of units designated as Honor Unit with Distinction. You wear this insignia in the same manner as the Honor Unit insignia. The Merit Unit star is white.




Each Army JROTC unit can award various types of individual awards to its cadets for recognition of excellence, outstanding achievement, or superior performance.    There are two main categories of individual awards: Institutional and national awards.

Institutional Awards

            Superintendents, principals, and Army Instructors can present institutional awards to individual JROTC cadets for reasons of academic excellence, military and athletic achievement or performance, and for participation in community parades, excelling in recruiting programs, and/or other reasons that are determined by your instructors. You have the opportunity to earn as many of these awards as you possibly can.

            Indicated below is the order of merit (or importance) for these awards along with the number of ribbons for each type. Within each category, you wear these award (or ribbons) in their numerical order. You will find a description of these awards (win their numerical sequence) at the end of this text in Supplemental Material. 

  1. Academic Awards -- 10 ribbons
  2. Military Awards – 15 ribbons
  3. Athletic Awards – 5 ribbons
  4. Miscellaneous Awards – 5 ribbons

National Awards

            National awards recognize individual JROTC cadets for heroic, distinguished, meritorious, and other commendable acts and achievements. These ribbons or medals are worn below the others. Precedence of for these awards is as follows:


  1.  Sons of the American revolution (SAR) Award
  2.  The Military Order of the World Wars (MOWW) Award
  3.  Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR) Award
  5.  American Legion Awards
  6.  The National Sojourners Award
  7.  Scottish Rite of Free Masonry Award
    1.  Association of United States Army (AUSA)

10.  The Military Officers Association (MOA)

11.  Military Order of the Purple Heart

12.  Veterans of Foreign Wars (VFW)

13.  Order of Dandelions Award

14.  Special Forces Association Award

15.  Elks Lodge Award

16.  The Retired Enlisted Association Award

17.  Armed forces Top Enlisted Association Award 




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Authorized Cadet Ranks (by Position)

Battalion Headquarters

Commanding Officer                          One Cadet Lieutenant Colonel 

Executive Officer                                One Cadet Major

S-1 (Adjutant)                                     One Cadet Captain   

S-2 (Security)                                      One Cadet Captain

S-3 (Training)                                      One Cadet Captain

S-4 (Supply)                                        One Cadet Captain

S-5 (Public Affairs)                             One Cadet Captain

S-6 (Technology)                                One Cadet Captain

Command Sergeant Major                  One Cadet Command Sergeant Major (E-9)


Each Lettered (Line) Company

Commanding Officer                          One Cadet Captain

Executive Officers                              One Cadet First Lieutenant

Platoon Leaders                                  One Cadet Second Lieutenant per Platoon

First Sergeant                                      One Cadet First Sergeant (E-8)

Platoon Sergeants                               One Cadet Platoon Sergeant per Platoon (E-7)

Squad Leaders                                    One Cadet Staff Sergeant per Squad (E-6)

Team Leaders                                      Two Cadet SGTs (E-5) per Squad (Team Leaders)

Clerk/ Guidon Bearer                          One Cadet Corporal (E-4)

Cadets                                                             Cadet Corporals (E-4) (Depends on unit size)

NOTE: the above are AUTORIZED positions and ranks. The actual filling of each position will be determined by the SAI based on the number of cadets enrolled in the JROTC program and cadet demonstrated qualifications for filling the position(s). The SAI may make reasonable deviations from the above authorizations as required.

Cadet Bulletin Boards 

Official notices are posted on the cadet bulletin boards. The precise location of the bulletin board in the JROTC Department will be pointed out to cadets during their orientation in the first week of school.

Cadets are responsible for reading the bulletin board daily before class begins. Cadets are also responsible for complying with all information posted on the bulletin boards. Merit/demerit list and uniform inspection list will be posted every Friday for the week.

Each company consists of a headquarters section and at least two platoons. The company headquarters contains the following key personnel:

-          Company Commander

-          Company Executive Officer

-          Company First Sergeant

-          Guidon Bearer

-          Supply Sergeant

-          Armorer


Each platoon is composed of a headquarters section and at least two or three squads, with two teams per squad. The key platoon personnel are as follows:

-          Platoon leader

-          Platoon Sergeant

-          Two or three Squad Leaders

-          Four to six team leaders



            The cadet battalion structure is set up to ensure a quick and clear flow of commands. Each individual cadet has a job to do, which is part of the squad task, and so forth up the chain of command until that individual task is part of the battalion’s overall mission.
            What this means to you is an effective JROTC organization. Each cadet knows that he or she is responsible for and what added responsibilities come from advancement in rank.

            How far you climb in rank is up to you. Each cadet battalion, depending on unit requirements, has opportunities for advancement. You will receive the necessary training and have the opportunity to demonstrate excellence in what skills and knowledge you have learned. Your actions and abilities ultimately will let your battalion leaders know if you are ready to move up.

Taking on added responsibility in a leadership position is part of what JROTC is all about. Moving up in JROTC takes three things – desire, time, and work. JROTC will give you the time, but you must have the desire and be willing to put in the work.

Rank and Grade

“Rank” and “grade” are terms used by the military to classify soldiers. Rank is the actual title held by the soldier, while grade is a letter/number combination that means the same thing. Soldiers are classified as either enlisted or officers. The following chart identifies the rank and grade for soldiers in the US Army.

Within the enlisted ranks are two divisions based on experience and skill. The first three enlisted positions are usually entry level. (Note: Personnel designated as specialists are comparable to the noncommissioned officer rank of corporal, are commonly referred to as technicians, and they are not placed in command of other enlisted personnel.

Noncommissioned officers are those personnel who have advanced above the first three entry level positions and are in a supervisory position over personnel in lower grades.

Commissioned officers are appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate. Commissioned officers have authority over lower ranking officers, warrant officers, and enlisted personnel. Warrant officers rank between an enlisted person and a second lieutenant and primarily hold positions as technicians or administrative supervisors.

Advancement to higher ranks and grades is based on ability, skill, experience, and one’s potential.


Duties and Responsibilities

This section provides an outline of the duties and responsibilities for the personnel in a model cadet battalion organization. Your cadet battalion may contain additional positions or list duties and responsibilities different from these; however, the JROTC instructor staff will determine the exact positions and duties for your organization. Cadet leaders are expected to become familiar with their own duties and responsibilities as well as those of their superiors and subordinates.

Use the following duties and responsibilities as a guide only. As you can see by this list, a model cadet battalion organization has a clearly defined chain of command.




Battalion Commander

This position is the most demanding in your cadet battalion. The instructor staff selects the cadet for this position based upon demonstrated leadership ability and academic standing. The appointed cadet must be able to apply common sense and judgment in the solving of problems that affect the entire cadet corps.

The battalion commander must be mature, willing to accept responsibility, and able to effectively delegate authority and supervise subordinates. The battalion commander controls the staff through the battalion executive officer and the companies through the company commanders, while maintaining the final approval authority in the cadet chain of command.

The specific duties of the battalion commander are to:

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  • ·         Maintain a direct and personal relationship with the staff and the company commanders
  • ·         Encourage the company commanders to communicate freely
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  • ·         Ensure that feeling of mutual respect and confidence exist between the staff and company commanders
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  • ·         Ensure orders and actions are in compliance with JROTC regulations, policies, and directives quickly and completely
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  • ·         Make operational decisions for the cadet battalion
  • ·         Preside over officer calls
  • ·         Work with school authorities in coordinating activities of the cadet battalion with the organizations of the school, ensuring that battalion activities are in accordance with school policy
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  • ·         Be responsible for all the battalion does or fails to do


 Company Commanders

            A good company commander is outstanding leader with lots of initiative. If you are a company commander, you get things done. Until orders reach you, they are just plans, something that someone would like to have accomplished. Rather than waiting to be told what to do, you think and plan ahead what seems best for the company., You use common sense action and try not to worry about making mistakes, knowing that the greatest mistake is to do nothing when action is required., You use all available help to accomplish company duties and to keep subordinates informed while also ensuring that the goals of the mission remain in focus.

            You provide the why and how to accomplish the assigned mission. Then, you must check and inspect to ensure that what you wanted done is being accomplished. You must be an outstanding leader with plenty of initiative.

            The Company Commander:

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  • ·         Keeps the battalion commander apprised of the status of the company at all times
  • ·         Ensures the company is prepared to accomplish its assigned mission in a satisfactory manner
  • ·         An Expert in Drill
  • ·         The Principle duties of the Company Commander are to:
  • ·         Command the company at all formations
  • ·         Ensure that all members of the company know and use the chain of command
  • ·         Consult the training schedule, study the drill references, and ensure that you and your subordinates are prepared to instruct
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  • ·         Seek advice from the battalion commander or the instructor staff when encountering a problem to which you do not know the answer
  • ·         Execute the orders of the battalion commander as if they were your orders, even though you may personally disagree with them
  • ·         Conduct short inspections at every formation, making on-the-spot corrections as necessary; following-up to ensure that deficiencies from earlier inspections are corrected
  • ·         Make each cadet an effective member of the team; take an interest in them and their problem; offer advice and help them to solve their problems
  • ·         Make on-the-spot corrections at any time to ensure that all members of the company understand and comply with cadet regulations
  • ·         Keep the company executive officer informed in case of your absence


Battalion Executive Officer

The cadet battalion XO supervises, directs, and coordinates the cadet battalion staff to prevent overlapping efforts and to ensure that the commander’s desires are understood and achieved.

The primary duties of the cadet battalion XO are to:

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  • ·         Inspect the work of the cadet battalion staff
  • ·         Ensure that the battalion staff officers prepare and submit reports
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  • ·         Ensure that instructions and orders issued to the cadet battalion are in accordance
  • ·         with the established polices of the cadet BC; report all violations of orders to the cadet BC
  • ·         Perform other duties as assigned by the cadet battalion commander or the instructor staff


Battalion Coordinating Staff Officers

Battalion Adjutant (S-1)

The battalion adjutant is the administrative assistant to the BC. The adjutant is also responsible for performing other administrative duties as assigned by the battalion commander, battalion XO, or the instructor staff. 

The specific duties of the battalion adjutant are to:

  • ·         Assist in aligning the battalion at all battalion formations
  • ·         Receive the report at battalion formations from company commanders and receive the names of absentees from the SGM
  • ·         Plan for the conduct of special ceremonies
  • ·         Prepare and publish any orders necessary for the operation of the cadet battalion
  • ·         Maintain the qualification records and personal files on all cadets
  • ·         Publish and execute the cadet battalion’s recruiting plan
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  • ·         Coordinate with the company commanders and the staff on recommendations to the instructor staff on reassignments and organization; assign cadets to the various companies and maintain a record of those assignments
  • ·         Maintain all personnel data in JUMS

Battalion Intelligence or Security Officer (S-2)

The Battalion S-2 assists the battalion commander and the instructor staff in matters pertaining to unit security and enforces the provisions of the security requirements for the battalion

The duties of the S-2 are to:

  • ·         Assist in making periodic inspections of the security of weapons
  • ·         Maker periodic inspections of the security of the supply room and storage areas
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  • ·         In coordination with the S-1, report incidents that occur which are prejudicial to good order and discipline, and submit reports to the instructor staff, the cadet BC, and the XO
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Battalion Operations and Training Officer (S-3)

The battalion S-3 assists the battalion commander in preparation, conduct, and supervision of all training activities of the cadet battalion. Additionally, the S-3 keeps the commander advised on the progress of training within the battalion.

  • ·         Prepare the weekly training schedules
  • ·         Prepare the Master Training Schedule
  • ·         Maintain the Unit Report in JUMS
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  • ·         Assign areas for outdoor training and ensure classrooms are available and prepared for instruction
  • ·         Inspect the drill field prior to use by the battalion and prepare it for ceremonies
  • ·         Coordinate the training of the rife teams, drill teams, color guard, and the honor guard
  • ·         Organize events such as reviews, parades, and activities
  • ·         Plan and supervise field events
  • ·         Inspect cadet training portion of cadet records
  • ·         Assume command of the battalion in the absence of both the BC and XO
  • ·         Supervise the activities of the battalion communications officer
  • ·         Update all LET level training records in JUMS

Battalion Logistics or Supply Officer (S-4)

The battalion logistics or supply officer is responsible for the maintenance, security, record keeping, issue, and turn-in of all US government property (except ordinance). The S-4 coordinates the securing of property with the S-2. Some of the duties of the S-4 are to:

  • ·         Create a JROTC clothing and equipment record
  • ·         Maintain accountability of all equipment and supplies used by the unit
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  • ·         Keep supply rooms clean and orderly
  • ·         With the SGM, make periodic inspections of the flags
  • ·         Maintain security of all items of clothing and equipment
  • ·         Maintain the supply room
  • ·         Maintain a running inventory of all supplies/property
  • ·         Issue clothing
  • ·         Collect and dispose of excess salvage equipment and clothing
  • ·         Supervise the activities of the battalion ordinance officer
  • ·        

Battalion Public Affairs (Information) Officer (S-5)

            This officer acts as the contact between the corps of cadets and all news media and student publications. This officer publicizes as many of the activities of the Army JROTC program as possible to create an outstanding image of the cadet battalion and to reinforce the image of the school. Some of the specific duties of the public affairs/information officer are to:

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  • ·         Publish the Battalion Newsletter quarterly


Technology Officer (S-6)

            The duties of the cadet battalion technology if assigned, officers are to:

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  • ·        
  • ·         Know how to operate and maintain CPS system and other computer programs


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Battalion Command Sergeant Major

The battalion command sergeant major is the principal cadet enlisted assistant to the battalion commander. As the senior enlisted member of the cadet corps, the command sergeant major supervises the other noncommissioned officers (NCOs) of the battalion and the companies. Specific duties of the command sergeant major are to:

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Ensure the battalion area, including the drill field, is maintained in a high state of police at all times and that JROTC offices and classrooms are kept neat and orderly.

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Special Team Commanders

Primary duties are:

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  • ·         Prepare for upcoming performances directed by the SAI/AI
  • ·         Mentor team members and plan team training
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Company Executive Officers

            The company executive officer (XO) assists the company commander in the training of the company and performs such administrative duties as designated by the commander. The company XO should be well versed in all functions of the company and prepared to assume command of the company in the absence of the company commander.

Company First Sergeants

            The company first sergeant is responsible to the company commander for administrative matters. The company first sergeant is responsible for company formations, submits absentee reports to the battalion sergeant major, checks all merits and demerits with the company commander before submitting them to the S-1, and keeps the company commander informed on all matters pertaining to health and welfare of the unit. The first sergeant assumes command of the company in the absence of all officers.

Platoon Leaders

            The platoon leader is a very desirable position. If you are a platoon leader, you have a platoon of cadets for whom you are directly responsible. Primarily, you job is one of leadership, training, and discipline. You also have the opportunity and privilege to be a role model, coach, and counselor. The duties and responsibilities of a platoon leader are to:

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Platoon Sergeants

Platoon sergeants: set the example at all times, assist in the supervision of the squad leaders, develop a spirit of teamwork in the platoon, submit absentee reports to the company first sergeant, assist the platoon leader in training the platoon, counsel personnel at a squad leader’s request, and assume control of the platoon in the absence of the platoon leader.

Squad Leaders

Squad leaders are responsible to their platoon leader/ sergeant for the appearance, conduct, training, and discipline of their squad. They ensure that each squad member learns and does what is expected, and maintains high standards of behavior. Squad leaders must:

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  • ·         Maintain squad books on all squad members

Team leaders

Team leaders are responsible for the formation, appearance, training, and discipline of their team members. Team leader A must be ready to assume control of the squad in the absence of the squad leader. Team leaders assist their squad leaders as directed and must

  • ·         Set the example at all times
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Team members

Your duties and responsibilities are to:

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Cadet Battalion Organization



Battalion Commander and Staff

Battalion Commander (CO)

Executive Officer (XO)

Personnel Officer (S1)

Security Officer (S2)

Operations Officer (S3)

Logistics Officer (S4)

Publicity Officer (S5)

Technology Officer (S6)

Command Sergeant Major (CSM)



Cadet Company

Company Commander (CO)

Company Executive Officer (XO)

Company First Sergeant (1SG)

Platoon Leader (Plt Ldr)

Platoon Sergeant (PSG)

Squad Leader (Sqd Ldr)

Squad Member

Promotion Board SOP

As a rule, Promotion Boards will grant one grade advancement at a time. The SAI may approve accelerated promotions for selected cadets based on potential. A cadet entering the Battalion will be granted the rank of Cadet Private (E-1). A promotion board will be administered to cadets seeking the rank of Cadet Corporal and above. At regular intervals, Platoon Leaders and Platoon Sergeants will submit recommendations to the Company 1SG of cadets that are deserving of the promotion. The promotion board will normally be conducted by the Battalion Commander, Battalion Executive Officer and the Command Sergeant Major.

Standards and procedures for promotion boards:

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Upon the end of the questioning the cadet will stand at attention, salute and say thank you, drop the salute, execute a facing movement nearest to the exit, and march out the door.

Promotion Boards will be convened at regular intervals to accomplish the promotions mentioned above. The Battalion Commander will preside over promotion boards. 90% is the minimum score a cadet must achieve on the board to be considered for promotion.

Cadet non-commissioned officer and officers will be detailed to be members of promotion boards as they are convened. Members who must be excused from a board or absent from a board session must obtain permission from the SAI or AI.

Cadets scheduled to appear before a promotion board will be notified in advance that they will be appearing before the board. They will be briefed on the promotion board procedures and promotion board study questions. Cadets are encouraged to “master” the promotion board study questions prior to appearing before the promotion board. The SAI is the final authority for resolving disputes pertaining to promotion boards.

Cadet of the Month Boards are done in conjunction with the promotion boards. A cadet may be considered for both boards simultaneously.


Cadet of the Month Board

The cadet of the month board is a competition between cadets of each let level, one from every company. Cadet of the month boards are scheduled for every month (same day as promotion board). The most outstanding cadet of each LET level will be awarded the cadet of the month honor. To win, however, one cadet from each LET level from each company will be in competition with cadets of their own LET level. The battalion Commander and the Executive officer will preside over the board.

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The SAI will be the final authority in settling disputes concerning the conduct/results of the cadet of the month board.

Standards and procedures for cadet of the month boards:



Extracurricular Activities

JROTC cadets participate in many extra activities throughout the school year.

Participation in these activities demonstrates that you are a “team player” and want to excel as a JROTC cadet.

Color guard. The color guard presents and posts the colors for school or community activities. They also compete for trophies during drill competitions during the spring. To become a member of the color guard, you must have time to practice/ perform and be willing to work hard!

Saber team. The saber team helps to present the colors by making an arc which the color guard will march through. Saber team also performs at other events where something is being honored.

Honor guard. Honor guard has the soul duty of raising and lowering the flags on any uniform day. They also perform certain ceremonies where the flag will be lowered to half staff.

Drill team. These teams can be all men, all women, or mixed. Each team makes up its own drill routine. It takes a lot of time and you must be willing to work hard to present a precision routine during drill performances. The teams perform for special occasions when asked and competes throughout the year in a series of drill competition.

Rifle team. Rifle team members train and compete as marksmen with air pellet rifles. They require a lot of practice and dedication. They compete at many competitions with other JROTC schools throughout the year.

Raider team. To be on raider team requires a HIGH level of physical fitness and dedication to improve yourself. Every month you must take a PT test in order to keep your raider team cord. There are fitness competitions with other JROTC schools. Being on raider team is a guaranteed way to get in good shape as long as you are dedicated.


Chain of Command

  • ·         Commander in Chief _________________________________________________ 
  • ·         Secretary of Defense_________________________________________________ 
  • ·         Secretary of the Army________________________________________________ 
  • ·         Chairman of the Joint Chief of Staff______________________________________ 
  • ·         Chief of Staff of the Army_____________________________________________ 
  • ·         Commanding General, TRADOC_______________________________________ 
  • ·         Commanding General, Accessions Command______________________________ 
  • ·         Commanding General, Cadet Command__________________________________ 
  • ·         Commander, Western ROTC Region ___________________________________
  • ·         Commander, 5th  Brigade______________________________________________
  • ·         Senior Army Instructor_______________________________________________
  • ·         Army Instructor_____________________________________________________

Non- Commissioned Officer Support Chain

  • ·         Sergeant Major of the Army _______________________________________ 
  • ·         Command Sergeant Major, TRADOC________________________________ 
  • ·         Command Sergeant Major, Accessions Command_______________________ 
  • ·         Command Sergeant Major, Cadet Command___________________________ 
  • ·         Command Sergeant Major, Western ROTC Region _____________________ 
  • ·         Command Sergeant Major,    5th  Brigade ______________________________ 




Honor Company SOP

            Honor Company is a competition to distinguish the best company in the Trojan Battalion. The competition is composed of an overall company’s inspection score, the average current grade of each cadet enrolled in the course, number of news, weather and sports violations, tardies each cadet had earned, number of suspensions each cadet has earned, and the total number of merits each company has. Following the inspection, the score of each company will be averaged and the company with the highest average will receive a gold shoulder cord. The gold cord will only be worn until the next Honor Company is determined.

Elements of inspection

            Each company will be inspected by the Battalion Commander. The inspection will consist of every cadet’s uniform being evaluated on correctness and hygiene. Cadets will also be asked a series of prearranged questions. During this time period the number of news weather and sports violations, tardies, suspensions and merits each company has will also be averaged into each company’s final score.

Evaluating the Scores

            The scores of the inspection will be averaged and the company with the highest inspection score will be proclaimed the winner of Honor Company.

Tardies per cadet: -0.5 pts 

Number of suspensions per cadet: - 5 pts 

News Weather and sports violations:  -1 pts per violation

Merits per company: 250-200(30 pts)    200-150(20 pts)   150-100(10 pts)    100-50(5 pts)   50-0(0pts)  

Below 0 merits will result in -30 pts. Demerits count against total amount of merits.

Average grade in the course:  A-20pts   B-15pts   C-10pts   D-5pts F-0pts

Overall uniform inspection: 100 %( 50pts) 99 %( 49pts) 98 %( 48pts)…………….




Merit/Demerit System Merits and demerits are used to encourage positive behavior by cadets.


Merits. Additional points can be earned by cadets for doing more than is normally expected.

Examples of activities which can result in merits are below. These examples are not all inclusive.


Demerits. Negative points can also be earned for demonstrated shortcomings either inside or outside the classroom. Demerits will be used when other methods of encouraging positive behavior have not produced the desired results. Examples of activities which can result in demerits are below; these examples are not all inclusive.



a. Cadets in leadership positions may recommend cadets for merits/demerits to the



b. Authorized cadets can obtain merit/demerit forms from the instructor office.


c. When preparing the form, cadets will be specific as to why they are making their recommendation. For example, if a cadet is being recommended for demerits for “insubordination,” details of the incidence of insubordination should be described on the demerit form.


d. Once completed the forms will be turned in to the SAI/AI.


e. Merit/demerit forms will be processed by the S-1.


Impact. Points earned or lost through merits/demerits will affect promotions / demotions.



Recruiting                                                                                                                               +20

Successful Participation in Community/School Service Projects                                           +20

Participating in Parades                                                                                                          +20

Special Team Performances                                                                                                    +10

Clean Up After School                                                                                                           +5 



Ejection from Class                                                                                                                 -20

Failure to Participate in Physical Training (Totally)                                                                -10

Unexcused Absence from Class (Each Instance)                                                                   -10

Failure to Do Class Assignment                                                                                             -10

Each day of suspension                                                                                                           -10

Not in Class when Bell Rings (Each Instance)                                                                       -5

Insubordination                                                                                                                       -5

Swearing/Vulgar language/Name calling                                                                                -5

Storing Items in JROTC Room (Per Day)                                                                              -5

Throwing Things in Class                                                                                                       -5

Chewing Gum in Class                                                                                                           -5



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